Increasing a sustainable access to safe water and to sanitation services in Kongwa (Tanzania)

Country: Tanzania

Starting Date: 2007 - Completion Date: 2009

Partner: NUFFIC, Center for Environmental Planning and Technology Rwanda

Project Supervisor: P.Lorenzo Fantozzi

Subjects: Environmental sciences, Informed governance, Water resources

Project Summary

The main aim of this project is to increase, in a sustainable way, the access to safe water and basic sanitation for the communities, contributing to reduce the poverty. The setting of an already tested technology, Phytosanitation, has also contributed to improve the quality of the water available for the people. This process has reduced components harmful for the health in the long term, according with the 2002 National Water Policy, which recommends an integrated and participatory approach among planning, development and management of water resources.

The action have took place in Tanzania, in the Region of Dodoma, in the Districts of Kongwa and Chamwino (former Dodoma Rural). The action aimed at sustainable improvement of Rural Water Supply & Sanitation (RWS&S) services for poor rural population of the area.

To support the seven rural communities to access to drinkable water, the project planned the realization of four new water schemes, the restoration of three existing water schemes and the establishment of 300 sanitation facilities. The action had supported the implementation of the Tanzanian Water Policy concerning the role and responsibility of the Water Users Associations and Water User Groups and private sector operators in order to improve the sustainability of the water schemes.

The presence of private stakeholders in the management of the Water Schemes was promoted and their roles was formalized to avoid mismanagement of the schemes. The provision of safe and drinkable water to rural population has been achieved also through the introduction of innovative technology for improving the quality of groundwater (Phytosanitation Plant). Moreover the project aimed to strengthen the 2 District Water Departments and to foster in local communities the planning, the development and management of water supplies, sanitation facilities and services providing training and operative instruments (GIS database) to the Districts officers and facilitating a profitable interaction between public and private sector.